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Greek Corner
     
 
 
 
 
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MEdIES in the GAP Partner Network 1

Neroupoli, the Greek water-city

MARLISCO exhibition

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 Calendar
12/9/2019
First World Non-Formal Education Forum
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Sourth Eastern Mediterranean Environmental Project

Water: the essence of life

SEMEP gives teachers the opportunity to undertake initiatives
and plan their own activities on the theme of water

Introduction
Water is absolutely decisive for human surviva.,The Earth is called the Blue Planet precisely because most of it71%) is covered by water .Ever more people live on Earth and they use ever more water. This has caused governments worries abdut a threatening water crisis just around the corner. Scores of articles and reports have been written about the coming “water wars and drying wells”. On the other hand, important water reports claim that the water shortage occurs largely because of poor water allocation, wasteful use of the resource and the poor management. There is a water crisis today. But the crisis is not that of the availability of too little water to satisfy our needs. It isone of managing waterresources so badly that billions of people and the environment are suffering badly.
The main purpose of these worksheets is to study the so called “water crisis” at global, regional and local (GRL) levels in a comparative way and to produce a comprehensive report based on the claims of different governmental and non-governmental organizations (Worldwatch Institute, World Bank, UN-Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World, International Water Management Institute, World Water Council, etc.) as well as local ones.

How much water do we consume?

  • Forms and availability of water resources and their geographical distribution (at GRL levels): Make a study of the amount of water present on Earth, its geographical distribution and its consumption by drawing maps, graphs, diagrams, etc. Try to understand the implications of the water issue that the world faces and write a report summarizing your findings comparing at GRL levels.
  • Is water becoming scarce? Evaluate the validity of claims such as “wells running dry”, “water crisis”, “water wars”.
    Organize a special activity to celebrate the “World Water Day” on 22 March 2004 in order to bring your findings into discussion at your school.
  • Water cycle: Make a study of water in air, on land, in oceans and lakes. Try to understand the global impact of glacial and interglacial periods on our landscape. Disscus the potential effects of global climate change on Mediterranean countries. Prepare a poster illustrating the water cycle.
  • How much water do we consume? Develop a detailed average water consumption list by country and try to make meaningful groupings. Study the amount of water consumption in household (including drinking water), in agriculture and in industry. Suggest a list of measures for using water efficiently suitable for the citizens of your country.

Water as architect of our planet Earth: Study the elements that form our landscape such as water erosion, sedimentation, weathering, etc. Find out how they shaped our mountains, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans and coasts. Describe the evolutionary formation of at least one famous landform (canyon, cave, waterfall, peculiar landforms, etc.) in your country. Prepare an introductory brochure for a lake and a river in your country. Find out why some rivers meander.

Water and health: Study the interrelation between water and health through a historical perspective. Make a study on the thermal springs of your courntry and describe their healing powers. Prepare a document on malaria and its effects on human culture.

Water and diet: Study the direct and indirect roles of water on our diet. Prepare a booklet titled “The Story of Ice-cream”.

Water and sport: Study the relation between water and sport. List the world champions of water sports by years. Prepare a poster displaying the evolution of sail-boats.

Water and law

  • Water regulations in ancient and modern cultures: Study the regulations for the use of water and water resources developed by ancient civilizations such as the Sumerian, Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Byzantin and Ottoman.
  • To whom do rivers, lakes and oceans belong?: Make a study of the legal appurtenance of rivers flowing through and the seas surrounded by many countries.
  • Water and Culture: Study the relation between ancient civilizations and water resources and their usage, the traditional household use of water and water utensils (jugs, glasses, etc.) in a neighbouring SEMEP country. Study the water structures (aqueducts, dams, cisterns, wells, mills, etc.) in your country. Collect proverbs on water and exchange them with SEMEP schools. List the music pieces (local-international, classical-popular, etc.) related to water.

Water and energy: Describe and illustrate how water is used as a source of energy in the past and present. Make a model (maquette) of a typical water mill. Study the environmental impacts of hydroelectric power plants and compare them with other energy generating technologies.

Water and environment: Study the reasons and environmental consequences of a typical dried wet-land in your country. Study the wastewater treatment issue and its relation to environmental quality in the place where live. Make a study of the harmful environmental impacts of water such as flooding, landslide, erosion, etc., and try to understand the reasons.

Water and life: Study the origin of life on planet Earth. Study the transition from aquatic life to terrestrial life. Introduce an amphibian species of your country. Investigate the water retaining mechanisms of drought resistant plant species. Try to measure the evaporation rate of plants.

Water studies:

  • Develop a water collection project for your school; Measure the actual precipitation with a device developed by yourself, taking into account the whole surface area of your school (including, roofs, terraces and paved surfaces suitable for water collection) as water collection surface. Plan a cistern large enough to collect the entire water precipitation and a network of a water collecting pipes. Calculate the amount of water to be collected in one year¢s time.
  • Study the geometry of sediments. Take three 5 l PVC bottles. Put into the first one sand (1/3), into the second a mixture of sand (1/2) and fine gravel (3-4 mm in diameter), and into the third a mixture of sand (1/3), fine gravel (1/3) and loamy soil (1/3). Fill the bottles up to their 2/3 with water (leaving the remaining 1/3 empty). Shake them about 10 minutes strongly and then put them aside for observations. Make first observation 15 minutes later. The second, 1 hour later the third 3 hours later the forth 24 hours later and the last observation 5 days later. Each time note the results of your observations on water and materials settled at the bottom. Compare your observations with the orientation of gravels and sands of a beach or of a river bad. Summarize your findings and conclusions in a report supported by photos.
  • Study the waters of different origins: Take four 5 l PVC bottles, fill the first one (2/3) with tap water the second with water taken from either a river or a well, the third with sea water and the forth with spring water. Put them all side by side in a shady place and make observations regularly, every Monday and Friday for eight consecutive weeks. Evaluate your findings and write a report.
  • River watch: Study a river close to your school, if possible, from the source to the mouth (the sea or lake into which it flows). Try to discover the max. water level, the size and shape pattern of pebble-stones along the river bed, the velocity of the water flow (if applicable), the plants and animals in and around the river, the quality of water (if applicable), try to calculate the amount of sediments it carries to the sea or lake, etc.
  • Develop original projects for saving or using water efficiently.
  • Study the history of the Mediterranean in tle last 20 million years.

 
     
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MEdIES Core Group

MIO-ECSDE

DG Env

GR Gov

UNESCO

UNEP/MAP
 
Especialy for water issues

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